Last Updated: 15th October 2016
BBA National Burn Awareness Day - 19 October 2016
National Burn Awareness Day is an annual UK campaign from the BBA to raise awareness of the potential dangers at home and the workplace that may result in burn injury.
This year on Wednesday 19th October, we are once again encouraging communities to take part in creating events and activities to disseminate information on burn prevention as well as burn treatment. Activities can range from running information stands to working alongside other burn charities, the Chief Fire Officers Association and local fire services to demonstrate in schools, shopping centres and hospitals throughout the country the potential hazards in the home and what to do following a burn injury. Additional to traditional local stalls and direct engagement with the community, we will also hope to increase our reach on TV, radio and social media with the hashtags #BeBurnsAware for burn prevention and #CoolCallCover for burn treatment on Twitter and Facebook.
Analysis of hospital admissions data in the burns database (iBID), we see that the most common causation of burn injuries from 2015 are the result of:
(1) spills from cooking, hot drinks, soups, porridge and stews (especially in children) - 31%
(2) contact burns from hot objects like heaters, irons, hobs, oven-doors & hair straighteners - 18%
(3) using accelerants in barbecues, garden fires and bonfires - 11%
(4) fires from flammable clothing near candles and cigarettes, flash fires from chip/grease pans and flame burns from building fires - 7%
(5) hot water systems scalds such as hot baths, sinks and showers - 6%
(6) others include remaining things like sunburns; chemical burns from fertilisers, bleach, hair dyes, cement, acids and alkalis; and other non-categorised burns - 27%
We therefore hope to reduce these incidences by spreading the message and raise awareness of these dangers.
The official BBA Burn Awareness Day Poster can be downloaded here
iBID also showed that only 1 in 3 adults (this fell to 23% in older people) received the appropriate First Aid (20 minutes of cool running water on the burn) prior to visiting hospital. We are therefore also promoting the Three Cs: Cool, Call, Cover for burn treatment. We will be hoping to disseminate the knowledge that immediate and appropriate First Aid can reduce the chances of scarring or in the extreme save lives.
The three step process is:
(1) Cool the burn with 20 minutes of cool running water. This is the optimum time to reduce the temperature of the subdermal layer. Any less time, and residue heat from the burn could still damage surrounding tissues. Any longer, and the patient could potentially suffer hypothermia or a delay in medical treatment. Do not use ice (this damages tissue and has been experimentally shown to slow down healing), frozen peas, toothpaste, butter, aloe vera or ointments.
(2) Call for help. Ideally, professional medical attention should be called while the burn is cooled.
(3) Cover the burn with cling film. This protects the burn from infection while stopping the wound from drying out. Cells that dry out will die, and so delays the healing process.