(for example: stop, drop and roll); remove the burning source.
- Remove all burnt/burning clothing (unless stuck to the patient), jewellery (bring bagged clothing to hospital for examination)
- Chemicals – need longer period of irrigation and specific information about the chemical concerned should be obtained.
3. Cool the burn wound
- Ambulance control despatch system will advise the 999 caller to cool the burn area for up to 10 minutes
- If this has been done, Pre-hospital carers should cool for another 10 minutes during package and transfer
- Water should not be ice cold o If the burn area is small
then a cold wet towel can be placed on the burn area, on top of the clingfilm dressing but before wrapping up the whole patient to maintain body warmth beneath the blankets.
- Be aware of the risk of hypothermia, especially in children and the elderly
- Cool the burn wound but warm the patient
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- Australian and New Zealand Burn Association. Emergency Management of Severe Burns Course Manual. 1996.
- First Aid Manual, the authorised manual of St John Ambulance, St Andrew’s Ambulance Association and the British Red Cross. London: Dorling Kindersley, 1997.
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